Salient Features of GST in India 2017-18 - GST In India

Wednesday, 21 February 2018

Salient Features of GST in India 2017-18

The salient features of GST are as under: 
(i) The GST would be applicable on the supply of goods or services as against the present concept of tax on the manufacture and sale of goods or provision of services. It would be a destination based consumption tax. 
(ii) It would be a dual GST with the Centre and States simultaneously levying it on a common tax base. 
The GST to be levied by the Centre on intraState supply of goods and / or services would be called the Central GST (CGST) and that to be levied by the States would be called the State GST (SGST). 

(iii) The GST would apply to all goods other than alcoholic liquor for human consumption and five petroleum products, viz. petroleum crude, motor spirit (petrol), high speed diesel, natural gas and aviation turbine fuel. It would apply to all services barring a few to be specified. 

(iv) Tobacco and tobacco products would be subject to GST. 

(v) The GST would replace the following taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: 

a. Central Excise duty 
b. Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations) 
c. Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) 
d. Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products) 
e. Additional Duties of Customs (commonly known as CVD) 
f. Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD) 
g. Service Tax h. Central Surcharges and Cesses so far as they relate to supply of goods and services 

(vi) State taxes that would be subsumed under the GST are: 
a. State VAT b. Central Sales Tax 
c. Luxury Tax 
d. Entry Tax (all forms) 
e. Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except when levied by the local bodies) 
f. Taxes on advertisements 
g. Purchase Tax 3 h. Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling 
i. State Surcharges and Cesses sofar as they relate to supply of goods and services 
(vii) The CGST and SGST would be levied at rates recommended by the GST Council. 
(viii) There would be a floor rate with a small band of rates within which the States may fix the rates for SGST. 
(ix) The list of exempted goods and services would be common for the Centre and the States which would be finalised by GST Council. 
(x) An Integrated GST (IGST) would be levied and collected by the Centre on inter-State supply of goods and services. Accounts would be settled periodically between the Centre and the States to ensure that the SGST portion of IGST is transferred to the destination State where the goods or services are eventually consumed. 

(xi) Tax payers shall be allowed to take credit of taxes paid on inputs (input tax credit) and utilize the same for payment of output tax.However, no input tax credit on account of CGST shall be utilized towards payment of SGST and vice versa. The credit of IGST would be permitted to be utilized for payment of IGST, CGST and SGST in that order. 

(xii) HSN (Harmonised System of Nomenclature) code shall be used for classifying the goods under the GST regime. It is being proposed that taxpayers whose turnover is above Rs. 1.5 crores but below Rs. 5 crores shall use 2 digit code and the taxpayers whose turnover is Rs. 5 crores and above shall use 4 digit code.Taxpayers whose turnover is below Rs. 1.5 croreswillnot be required to mention HSN Code in their invoices. 

(xiii) Exports shall be treated as zero-rated supply. No tax is payable on export of goods or services but credit of the input tax related to the supply shall be admissible to exportersand the same can be claimed as refund by them. 

(xiv) Import of goods and services would be treated as inter-State supplies and would be subject to IGST in addition to the applicable customs duties. The IGST paid shall be available as ITC for payment of taxes on further supplies. 

(xv) The laws, regulations and procedures for levy and collection of CGST and SGST would be harmonized to the extent possible.